By Michael Otterman
George W. Bush calls them an "alternative set of procedures": forcing sufferers to face for 40 hours; depriving them of sleep for weeks on finish; and strapping prisoners to vulnerable forums, then flooding their mouths with water. those strategies are torture, and they're criminal within the United States.
Michael Otterman unearths the lengthy heritage of U.S. torture. He exhibits how those tactics turned commonplace perform in today's conflict on terror. at the beginning, the CIA established their ideas at the strategies in their enemies, the Nazis, Soviets, and chinese language. Billions of greenbacks have been spent learning, refining, then educating those ideas to interrogators charged with conserving communism at bay. They produced method manuals that have been utilized in Vietnam, Latin the United States, and in different places. because the chilly battle ended, those tortures---engineered to go away deep mental wounds yet few actual scars---were legalized utilizing the very legislation that have been designed to get rid of their use. After Sep 11, they have been revived back to be used on enemy warring parties detained in America's tremendous gulag of prisoners around the globe---from mystery CIA black websites in Thailand to the prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Michael Otterman indicates that those interrogation equipment violate greater than overseas legislation and basic human rights. They radicalize enemies, undermine credibility, and yield unreliable intelligence. they don't make us extra secure. They make us much less safe.
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Additional resources for American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond
Moore, information officer at the base, the purpose of the ‘escape and evasion exercise’ was to give pilots ‘an idea of what to expect if captured in wartime’. Although the specific techniques used at the school remain secret, Moore insisted that ‘it was probably less tough than some college fraternity initiations’. Resistance training also spread overseas. Six months after the Pentagon POW code was issued, Sir Walter Monckton, Minister of Defence in the United Kingdom, announced that British troops would face similar trials.
On 13 April 1953, CIA Director Allen Dulles approved Project MKULTRA (pronounced M-K-Ultra) with an initial budget of US$300 000—6 per cent of the CIA’s total research budget for the year. The proposal for MKULTRA called for the development of a chemical material which causes a reversible non-toxic aberrant mental state, the specific nature of which can be reasonably well predicted for each individual. This material could potentially aid in discrediting individuals, eliciting information, and implanting suggestions and other forms of mental control.
One CIA memo, dated 16 March 1955, discussed the results of isolation trials on six volunteers, all members of the US military. According to the memo, this ‘form of psychological harassment’ was an ‘operational tool of potential’. The effects of isolation intrigued Morse Allen, former head of Project Bluebird. On 21 March 1955, he wrote a memo to the Director of Security that discussed ‘total isolation’ as a promising ‘interrogation Otterman - American Torture PAGE44 44 15/12/06 10:22:23 AM Codifying Crue lty 45 aid’.
American Torture: From the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond by Michael Otterman