Aphasia is a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain
that control language. There are numerous causes, such as
brain tumours, infections and injuries as well as stroke and dementia.
The type and severity of Aphasia depends on which part
of the brain was damaged and the extent of the damage.


There are four main types:

  • Expressive aphasia – is a type of aphasia characterised by the loss of the ability to produce spoken or written language
  • Receptive aphasia – is a type of aphasia in which people with the condition are unable to understand language in its written or spoken form
  • Anomic aphasia – is a type of aphasia characterised by problems recalling words, names, and numbers
  • Global aphasia – is a joint form of aphasia with severe impairment of both expressive and receptive skills

How we can help

There are various types of treatment available for individuals with aphasia. The type of treatment depends on the needs and goals of the person or child.

  • Work on activities to improve specific language skills and help restore as much speech and language as possible.
  • Develop and use strategies to communicate, such as using gesture, writing, and drawing or communication charts.